Bronchoscopy is a medical procedure that lets the doctor look at the patient’s lungs and air passages. The procedure is performed by a pulmonologist (who specializes in lung disorders). During this procedure, a thin tube called a bronchoscope is passed through the patient’s mouth or the nose, down till the lungs via the throat.

Bronchoscopy is performed using a very flexible bronchoscope. Certain situations when there is bleeding in the lungs or when an object is stuck in the airway, a rigid one is used.

The common reasons why people need Bronchoscopy is when they have an infection, persistent cough and when something unusual is seen on a test or a chest X-ray. In certain cases, Bronchoscopy is also used to collect samples of a tissue or the mucus. It is also used to remove blockages in the lungs or the airways.

Bronchoscopy is performed to find the root cause of a lung problem. The equipment used is moved around the bends present in the larynx, the trachea and the bronchi. The images are obtained by the bronchoscope and are transmitted to an eye piece or on to a video screen. The equipment also has an open scope that lets the instruments to pass through and is helpful in taking samples of the tissues or in the removal of any fluid.

Some of the common reasons for the examination are

  • Unusual findings on a chest X-ray or CT scan
  • Coughing up blood
  • Persistent cough
  • Pneumonia
  • Tuberculosis

Dr. KK Pandey has an experience of two decades and has been actively involved in Respiratory Medicine. He has an extra training in Pulmonary Medicine and has worked closely with cancer specialists, lung surgeons and a number of pathologists to make sure that the right procedure is performed.